No disrespect to my Muslim and Mormon friends. This is simply an observation for the reliability of the Bible when compared to other major world religion texts by Paul Wegner (Ph.D. University of London):
“The Bible (both Old and New Testaments) was written by approximately forty different authors over a period of over 1,000 years, and yet there is a consistent and clear message throughout the book; neither the Qur’an nor The Book of Mormon has such a pedigree.
“There is extensive manuscript evidence for the Bible, including at least 300 Hebrew manuscripts and 5,800 Greek manuscripts, as well as more than 20,000 ancient manuscripts of the Old and New Testaments written in various languages, and more than 30,000 scriptural quotations in the early church fathers which help confirm the accuracy of Scriptures. Neither the Qur’an nor The Book of Mormon can make this claim.
“The OT contains specific prophecies that claim to be fulfilled in the NT (e.g., Isa 53:3–4 = Matt 8:17; Isa 53:7–8 = Acts 8:32–35; Isa 53:12 = Luke 22:37; Mic 5:2 = Matt 2:6; Joel 2:28–32 = Acts 2:16–21); neither the Qur’an nor The Book of Mormon contain anything like this.
“It is interesting that both the Qur’an and The Book of Mormon claim to be a continuation of divine revelation from the Bible through their specific prophets, and yet both works contain significant contradictions with the theology of the Bible. The book of Hebrews (1:1–2) claims that Jesus is the final revelation, implying there will be no further divine revelation.”
In the title page to the Book of Mormon we find the following statement of faith: “Jesus is the Christ, the Eternal God.” That sounds biblical to me. So, do we, as Christians, believe the same things as Mormons in regard to our faith?
No – not in the least.
EXACT SAME TERMS – COMPLETELY DIFFERENT GOSPEL
The terms we use are the same (God, Jesus, atonement, Christian, salvation, grace, heaven) but every single word is defined differently in the LDS (Latter Day Saints) church than it is in Biblical Christianity. This is precisely why I used the phrase Mormon Christianity – because, to a Mormon, they are Christian. Former LDS Prophet, Gordon Hinkley, said, “We are Christians in a very real sense and that is coming to be more and more widely recognized.” Hinkley was Prophet/President of the Mormon Church from 1995-2008. In an August 5th, 2011, Washington Post article, Joanna Brooks published “Five Myths about Mormonism.” Myth No. 2: “Mormons Aren’t Christians.”
As stated, the terminology we use is the same but, for even the casual reader, a little more investigation into the Mormon faith allows one to see for themselves that Mormon Christianity and Biblical Christianity are two completely different faiths. For example, after the title page in the Book of Mormon, in the Introduction, we find the following statement by the Mormon founding prophet, Joseph Smith: “I told the brethren that the Book of Mormon was the most correct of any book on earth, and the keystone of our religion, and a man would get nearer to God by abiding by its precepts, than by any other book.” (“any other book” would include the Bible. More on this particular difference below under “The Bible”.)
UNVEILING GRACE: LYNN WILDER
Before I point out just a few of the primary differences between Mormon Christianity and Biblical Christianity, I want to make certain you notice the following Mp3 link. Lynn Wilder is a former Mormon. After earning her doctorate in education she was hired as a professor at the LDS flagship university, Brigham Young (named after the LDS’ second prophet.) Below is a debate between Lynn Wilder, and Mormon apologist, Michael Flournoy. Hosted by Justin Brierley, this excellent debate covers the foundational differences between the Mormon and Christian faiths. The debate, lasting about 50 minutes (without breaks) is kind, respectful, and informative. The link to the Mp3 is immediately below. Wilder’s book, Unveiling Grace, is outstanding. You can access her website, Unveiling Mormonism, here.
The average Mormon will cheerfully testify that “The Bible is the Word of God.” But, this statement carries with it a significant caveat. The LDS church has made it clear in their 13 Articles of Faith: “We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly; we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God.” A couple of things immediately come to mind upon reading this statement.
First, nowhere in the 66 books of the Canon of Scripture (our Bible) are we told there exists further revelation outside what’s written for us in the Bible. What we are told is that the Canon is closed. Jude, the half-brother of Jesus, wrote that the truth on which our faith is based was “once for all delivered to the saints.” On this passage in Jude, John MacArthur comments, “God’s revelation was delivered once, at the completion of Scripture, and is not to be edited by either deletion or addition (cf. Deut. 4:2, 12:32; Prov. 30:6; Rev. 22:18-19). Scripture is complete, sufficient, and finished. Therefore it is fixed for all time. Nothing is to be added to the body of the inspired word because nothing else is needed.” Mormon Christianity uses Isaiah 29:18 to support their extrabiblical authoritative literature. But, the passage in Isaiah not only doesn’t refer to anything resembling the Book of Mormon, it doesn’t even refer to a specific book at all.
Second, the LDS church, begun in the early 19th century, fails to regard two millennia of biblical scholarship. “Translating the Bible correctly” boils down to re-writing Scripture. Consider the two successive photos below. The first photo is of the LDS issued copy of the King James Version of the Bible**. In the hard-copy of the LDS/KJV, John 1:1 is rendered correctly from the original Greek: “ἐνἀρχῇἦνὁλόγος (logos)καὶὁλόγος (logos)ἦνπρὸςτὸνθεόνκαὶθεὸςἦνὁλόγος (logos),” which, translated in English, means,“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
However, at the bottom of the LDS/KJV page, the LDS church includes a footnote directing the reader to the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible which completely re-writes John 1:1. Why would they do that? So as to teach that Jesus is a “created being” – which is a clear Mormon doctrine. The LDS switches out the word λόγος/logos (translated “Word”), and replaces it with the Greek word, εὐαγγέλιον/euaggelion (translated “gospel”). The problem with this is that the Greek word for “gospel” does not exist in John 1:1. This goes well beyond irresponsible biblical translation. This is blatant manipulation of the text. And this is only one example.
It is not surprising that the LDS leadership would re-write the biblical text. It is vital to their doctrine that their “religious texts” (there are four: Book of Mormon, Doctrine & Covenants, Pearl of Great Price, the Bible) all agree with one another. Since the Bible, standing alone, does not agree with Mormon doctrine, it’s imperative that the LDS leadership manipulate the biblical text so that it fits with their doctrine put forth in the Book of Mormon, which Joseph Smith, himself (cited above) states is the “the most correct of any book on earth.”
As I mentioned above, in the LDS 13 Articles of Mormon Faith, Article No. 8 states, “We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly; we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God.” So, since according to founding prophet, Joseph Smith, the Book of Mormon trumps the Bible (coupled with the fact that the LDS church, itself, reserves the right to decide what is – and is not – translated correctly) they can – and do – modify and/or change whatever they deem necessary. When man, who is inherently corrupt and fallible, is given the freedom to manipulate the Bible, all bets are off.
You may rightly ask, “What makes you so certain that your translation of the Bible is right, and the LDS translation is wrong?” Fair question. My response is that I tend to side with two millennia of Hebrew & Greek scholars (both, Christian and non-Christian) who appear to uniformly disagree with the LDS’ “correctly translated” version of the Bible.
**It should be noted that the only version given credibility by the LDS is the KJV. The KJV is not in any form the only reliable translation of the earliest manuscripts. Jesus and Paul did not speak in King James English. :)) (The original autographs – the actual gospels & letters written by the New Testament writers – do not exist. All responsible translations of the Bible use the earliest and most reliable extant manuscripts available to scholars.) Furthermore, the KJV, although revered and written in beautiful Shakespearean language, is written in vernacular that is 400 years old, making it very difficult for many Christians to understand. A desire to give people an accurate translation of the Bible that is easily readable is the very reason the New Testament was written in Greek – the predominantly widespread language of the day. Likewise, some 15 centuries later, Reformers held the same desire to make the Bible readable for all people. Martin Luther translated the Greek New Testament into German so the common people could read it. William Tyndale is famous for telling a Catholic priest (opposed to his efforts to translate the Bible into common language): “If God spare my life, ere many years I will cause a boy that driveth the plow shall know more of the Scripture than thou doest.” Why on earth would a priest not want the Bible to be more understandable? Because, the less the people know what the Bible actually says, the more control the religious leadership can hold over them.
FAITH ALONE (Sola Fide!)
In the 16th century, when the Roman Catholic Church was teaching the heresy of “salvation by works,” the Reformers (Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, etc.) included the following in their Battle Cry for Biblical truth: Sola Fide!, which means “Faith Alone!”
The entire Mormon doctrine of salvation is based on faith – and works. It’s true, they must believe the things they’re taught in the LDS church, but belief, alone, is not enough to place them in right standing with God. For instance, in the Mormon church, baptism is absolutely necessary for salvation. Using Acts 2:38, Mormon Christianity completely disregards the rest of the New Testament’s doctrine that teaches salvation is by faith alone. Acts 2:38 must be read within the context of John 3:3, 3:16, 14:6, 20:31; Acts 4:12; Romans 3:22, 4:3, 5:1, 10:9; Ephesians 2:8-9; Galatians 2:16, 3:11-4; 1 John 5:11-12, and a host of other passages that never mention baptism as required for salvation, but taken collectively, make it crystal clear that salvation is by faith alone. Baptism, Biblical Christianity teaches, is important to be certain, serving as a public profession of our faith in Christ – it is an outward expression of an inward change. However, as baptism serves as a testimony of our faith, Biblical Christianity teaches that it is not required for salvation.
Biblical Christianity teaches that Jesus did all that was necessary to make our salvation possible. “It is finished,” Christ said from the cross. And, if there were any doubt as to whether or not salvation required anything other than faith, Paul wrote, “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,not a result of works, so that no one may boast.“ (Ephesians 2:8-9) To suggest that any human effort – even baptism – is necessary for salvation nullifies the cross of Christ, lessening the meaning of Christ’s death, rendering his propitiation/expiation/atonement insufficient.
In stark contrast to Paul’s words to the Ephesians above (as well as his words to the Romans and Galatians), we read in the Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi 25:23, 30 states, “For we labor diligently to write, to persuade our children, and also our brethren, to believe in Christ, and to be reconciled to God; for we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do…And, inasmuch as it shall be expedient, ye must keep the performances and ordinances of God until the law shall be fulfilled which was given through Moses.”
Furthermore, when man begins re-writing what is – and is not – required for salvation the list tends to just get longer and longer. As I visited with two Mormon Missionaries they were quick to give me a copy of the LDS authorized pamphlet, The Words of Wisdom, which contains yet more “do’s & don’ts” for one’s quest to be worthy in the eyes of the God & the Mormon Church: “For your spiritual and physical benefit, the Lord asks you to abstain from: alcohol, tobacco, coffee & tea, illegal drugs, other harmful or addictive substances.” Although there is some real wisdom here (you definitely should not take illegal drugs or harmful or addictive substances), you will not find these commands anywhere in our New Testament. Not only does the LDS church require these abstentions for one’s ongoing spiritual growth, they write that if you keep these commandments you will “Learn to listen to spiritual promptings and feelings. You will be warned of dangers and will be guided by the Holy Ghost. Your wisdom and knowledge will increase…” Again, Biblical Christianity teaches something quite different. The entire New Testament teaches that our spiritual growth comes not from various abstentions, but from faith, alone, in Christ. “The righteous shall live by faith.” (Romans 1:17)
QUESTION: But doesn’t “faith” include “works”? (That’s a great question.)
In the LDS church, “works” are requiredfor salvation. In Biblical Christianity, “works” are evidenceof salvation. Mormons tend to point to James’ letter (James was the half-brother of Jesus) which places great emphasis on works i.e. “Faith without works is useless.” (2:20) However, as with any biblical verse or passage, the book of James must be interpreted within the context of the remaining 65 books of the Bible. John Calvin said, “Scripture interprets Scripture.” In other words, a single verse, passage or book of the Bible must be interpreted in light of what Paul calls “the whole counsel of God.” (Acts 20:27) If all we had was James’ letter, the Mormon Church would most certainly have a case for their argument. But we have 65 other books of the Bible, 26 of those standing along side James’ letter in the New Testament. And it’s within the greater context – this “whole counsel of God” – that we see James’ intent: to emphasize the point that, if we are truly saved, there should be evidence for our salvation in the everyday life we live.
Again (I restate this because it is central to Biblical Christianity), the moment we determine that salvation is “faith in Christ plus something” we nullify Christ’s work on the cross, purporting by our beliefs that Christ’s sacrifice is no longer sufficient since salvation now requires human effort. This is diametrically opposed to the Biblical Gospel and, thus, vastly different from Biblical Christianity.
GRACE & THE MORMON TEMPLE
Perhaps the most overt example of how Mormon Christianity differentiates itself from Biblical Christianity is found in what the LDS church calls “temple worthiness.” According to Mormon Christianity, even after professing their faith in Jesus and being baptized, there is still much to be done in order to be seen worthy in God’s eyes. The structure of the local Mormon Temple is beautiful. I was able to tour one shortly before it opened. However, the teaching supporting the Temple is grossly contrary to Biblical Christianity.
The Bible tells us that, because of the sufficient sacrifice of Christ, we are no longer separated from God. “But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.” (Ephesians 2:13) This is precisely why the author of Hebrews wrote that those who’ve professed their faith in Christ can approach God with boldness and confidence. We have nothing to fear. We have nothing to hide. When Christ died, the veil of the Old Testament temple that separated the Most Holy Place (Holy of Holies) from the common man was torn in two, top to bottom, signifying that there is now no separation between God and man. This is due solely to the sufficient sacrifice of Christ Jesus.
If one is going to be found “worthy” in the LDS church, you are going to have to earn it (again, this is opposed to Biblical Christianity which teaches that Christ, alone, earned our right standing with God.) As hard as it may be to believe, Biblical Christianity teaches that, in Christ, we are 100% worthy, 100% righteous, 100% holy. This doctrine is taught over and over again in the New Testament. Paul wrote, “Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” (Romans 8:1) However, Mormon Christianity teaches human effort is still required to achieve different levels of “worthiness” before one is allowed into their temple to minister, and participate in Mormon ordinances such as being “baptized for the dead.”** On the official Mormon web site, several answers (given by Mormons) are offered in response to the question, “What is the Temple?” Here is one representative response: “To enter a Mormon temple after it is dedicated, following a public open house when anyone can enter, one must hold a temple recommend, or certificate, signed by the person’s bishop and stake president. Such recommends are issued to a person every two years and attest to his or her worthiness (whether or not he or she is keeping the commandments and covenants entered into when becoming a member of the Church). If the minimum worthiness standard is not being met, the person is not given a recommend and can not enter the temple. For Mormons, the Church organization is a vehicle to help them progress step by step up the ladder to eternal life, or life with our Father in Heaven and Jesus Christ.”
Within Biblical Christianity, there is no “ladder to eternal life.” On the contrary, Jesus said, “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life…” (John 14:6) In short, Christ is the “ladder”; Christ conquered the “ladder”; and Christ removed the “ladder” (and everything else that might have separated us from an intimate relationship with God.) Paul wrote, “For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers,neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Romans 8:38-39)
“Religion” by definition is “man’s pursuit of God” i.e. mankind working his/her way to heaven. This sounds much like Mormon Christianity. Biblical Christianity, however, is not a “religion”, but a “relationship” with a holy God made possible by Jesus Christ. Christianity is “God’s pursuit of man” i.e. God did all that was necessary…Jesus is enough.
**Baptism for the Dead: This prevalent Mormon doctrine is taken from a single verse in Paul’s first letter to the Corinthian believers. Once again, John MacArthur: “This difficult verse has numerous possible interpretations. Other Scripture passages, however, clarify certain things that it does not say. It does not teach, for example, that a dead person can be saved by another person’s being baptized on his/her behalf, because baptism never has a part in a person’s salvation in the first place.” As discussed earlier, “Scripture interprets Scripture.” This is called “systematic theology” i.e. interpreting the Bible in light of itself. This discipline is vital to understanding the Bible, as well as preventing people/churches from developing entire doctrines (such as “baptism for the the dead”) using a single, isolated, out-of-context verse or passage.
THE DEVIL’S MATH
In C.S. Lewis’ genius work, The Screwtape Letters, Uncle Screwtape counsels his novice, apprentice demon, Wormwood: “It is funny how mortals always picture us as putting things into their minds; in reality our best work is done by keeping things out.” What Satan hopes to keep out of the human mind is truth: the Word of God (the Bible). Translation: Know. Your. Bible. As you familiarize yourself with the real thing, you will be better equipped to spot a counterfeit.
The enemy, as you well know, is slick and clever, including just enough truth to make his claims sound valid. But, upon a little closer investigation, we find what’s always been true: “a half truth is still a whole lie.” The following photo is an easy-to-remember representation of “The Devil’s Math” when comparing different religious faiths to Biblical Christianity.
THE MORMON CHURCH COMES CLEAN ON POLYGAMY
“It’s Official: Mormon Founder Had Up to 40 Wives.” You can read the article here. This is yet another distinct difference between Mormon Christianity and Biblical Christianity. The article cites Abraham and other biblical figures having multiple wives. But, one must remember this axiom of biblical interpretation: just because the Bible records something doesn’t mean it approves it. Not once in Scripture are we given approval for polygamy. In fact, one man married to one woman is the clear biblical model given in both testaments. (cf. Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:4-6; Ephesians 5:31)
TOO MUCH TO DISCUSS HERE
Certainly, there is so much more to discuss. One former Mormon told me, “I personally felt trapped by all the rules set up within Membership that are not defined to those simply investigating the Mormon faith.” Addressing those “rules” would belabor my point here which is to simply submit that Mormon Christianity and Biblical Christianity are different.
Discussed here, in brief, are only a few major differences between Mormon Christianity and Biblical Christianity. There are a myriad of other differences. For instance, Heaven: the LDS church teaches there are three heavens – which level of heaven in which you end up is based on the sum of your good works; the Bible teaches there is one heaven – you end up there because of a single decision to profess your faith in Jesus Christ (just like the thief on the cross.)Hell: The LDS church does not teach there is a hell (although they do teach that apostates – those who have abandoned the Mormon Church – are destined for Outer Darkness). The Bible not only teaches the doctrine of hell – Jesus talked more about hell than He did about heaven. In addition, Biblical Christianity does not teach that one who abandons the Christian Church is doomed to hell. Jesus taught that people doom themselves to hell. This is a result of those who have denied Him, not an institution. Prophets: The LDS church teaches that God still speaks through a chosen prophet i.e. a “spokesperson for God.” The current prophet and President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Thomas S. Monson. The Bible, however, teaches that “Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets,but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son,…” (Hebrews 1:1-2) In addition, the New Testament teaches the doctrine of the “Priesthood of the Believer,” which means every single person who has professed their faith in Christ has equally direct access to God, made possible by the ultimate Prophet/Priest/King, Jesus Christ i.e. among God’s children there are no “have’s” and “have-not’s”. In short, because of Christ’s all-sufficient work on the cross, there is now no longer need for a person to mediate between God and mankind. Jesus, alone, holds that position as our Prophet/Priest/King. A person who has professed their faith in Christ has just as much access to God as Billy Graham today, or the Apostle Paul of yesterday.
STLL INTERESTED IN KNOWING MORE?
1.Pray &Study your Bible. Know your stuff. Lynn Wilder writes, “85% of LDS converts come from Biblical Christianity [due to not knowing what the Bible really says because they never, or rarely, read it.]
2.Visit with a Mormon. Or, better yet, talk to a Mormon Missionary – that’s what I did. I discovered that, just like among Biblical Christians, there can be a great deal of disagreement over basic LDS doctrine among Mormons. (I cannot overemphasize this point enough – ask 10 different Mormons their opinion about “grace” and you could well get 10 different answers.) However, the Mormon Missionaries know their stuff. Very well. Every answer they give will be precisely in line with official Mormon doctrine. They’re kind, and a delight to visit with.
3.In sum, to quote our BHBC Youth Pastor, Don Baldwin: “Pray, Love, Live.” (1) Pray for wisdom. The Holy Spirit promises to “guide you into all truth.” And pray for opportunities to engage in intelligent dialogue with people from other faiths. (2) Love people – Jesus said, “By this all will know that you follow Me, if you love one another.” Your goal is not to “win an argument”, but to represent the love of Jesus. (3) Finally, since ‘actions speak louder than words,’ make certain you live out your life in such a way as to give credibility to the gospel you preach.
The following resources may be of further help. Soli Deo Gloria, Nick
Wow – thank you to all who were able to come out this past Sunday evening to learn about the differences between the LDS church and biblical Christianity (and the differences are many.)
NOTE: Due to repeated requests to re-teach this class, I will present it again in September.
Follow Up: Below are a couple of items I simply didn’t have time to address this past Sunday.
A GREAT POINT brought up by a Mormon: In an online debate with a Mormon, I wrote that nowhere in the Bible is there reference to “another testament of Jesus Christ” (a.k.a. “the Book of Mormon”). The anonymous individual replied, “Since the Old Testament never mentions the coming of a written New Testament, why should it be required that the New Testament mentions a successive testament?”
Hmmm. Great question. Not only had I never thought of that question, I’d never even heard this point addressed or brought up by any speaker/preacher over the years. This person’s question bothered me. I thought to myself for a moment and then God spoke clearly. Here’s my reply to my Mormon friend: “You are correct. You won’t find a verse in the Old Testament that says, ‘One day, after a 400 year gap, a New Testament will be written.’ However, read through the 39 books of the Old Testament and what you’ll find is that it is REPLETE with reference to future revelation, given to us in a multitude of messianic prophecies to be fulfilled in the person of Jesus Christ! The Old Testament screams, ‘There’s more to come!’ Furthermore, in case there’s any debate as to who these messianic prophecies were about, Jesus said, ‘These are the Scriptures that testify about Me.’ (John 5:39) On the contrary, nowhere in our New Testament will you find a single, solitary reference or prophecy about (1) future revelation to be given in any form, (2) the re-institution of God speaking through prophets rather than solely through His Word, (3) the Book of Mormon, (4) Joseph Smith, or (5) the restoration of the gospel following a 17 century period of apostasy. Read it for yourself – the New Testament nowhere screams – or whispers – ‘There’s more to come.’ What it does scream is, ‘It is finished.”
One last thing: In my study, I found that Mormons are quite adamant that they are, in every respect, Christians. The official Mormon web site states this. And Mormons i interviewed agree. I certainly don’t mind if they want to call themselves Christians. But, as I thought about this, something occurred to me. The Bible teaches clearly that those who hold to biblical Christianity are known as Christians (literally: “little Christs”) – “The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch.” (Acts 11:26) Here’s my question: If Mormons like to call themselves Christians, why don’t biblical Christians like to call ourselves Mormons?Because, according to the Bible, they’re not the same.